Presentation of the RISIS project, coordinated by Philippe Larédo

The European Commission has recently selected the RISIS project, Research infrastructure for research and innovation policy studies, led by a community of researchers from 13 partner institutions across 10 European countries and steered by the University Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée. The French team is composed of IFRIS members, from LATTS and INRA SenS. Its coordinator, Philippe Larédo, tells us more about the project.

You recently received funding from the European Commission under the 7th Framework Programme for a project in the field of research and innovation policies. Can you explain us what this project will be?

First, this project is not a research project in the traditional sense. It is an infrastructure project, that is to say, a project whose goal is to share a set of original databases that were built in the 2000s about new issues that arose in the areas of research and innovation policies.
These databases have two characteristics: first, they are designed from publicly available data, and not from statistical data. This allows to maintain the identity of stakeholders and to follow their strategies over time.
The second aspect of these databases is that they make it possible to answer to current issues. Let us take a few examples: understanding the dynamics of innovation of fast-growing medium-sized enterprises. We have presently no knowledge about this size of firms which is judged critical for the European economic fabric, we have only knowledge only start-up firms on the one hand, and large companies on the other. Another example, on a completely different issue: we have extended knowledge on European integration through European funding programmes, but there has been a very rapid development of shared funding programmes by national funding agencies and it is important to follow their growing role in the construction of the ERA.

More specifically, what are the issues of the RISIS project?

This project aims on the one hand to gather, consolidate, harmonize and make available to researchers, a total of 14 databases, covering 5 research topics: the dynamics of innovation (globalization of industrial R&D, start-up but also fast-growing medium-sized enterprises), the transformation of universities and of public research organisations, the process of Europeanisation (of researchers, and research funding), the dynamics of emerging science and technologies and the evaluation of research policies. On the other hand, the project will allow researchers to access new data processing tools, including semantic tools, by using two platforms, the IFRIS CorTexT platform being one of them (

Why did you choose to propose a project on these issues?

It is more complicated than that. At a European level, in this type of infrastructure projects that aim at integrating dispersed facilities, there are two successive levels of decision-making. At the first level, the European Commission and its committees choose the areas in which they consider it interesting to integrate existing national or distributed infrastructures. In 2011, The Commission decided to include our area of research in its thematic programme, and this was a surprise for many of us. We had already built a European Network of Indicators Designers (ENID), because we were convinced that there was a renewal, which needed to be well structured. We thus considered this inscription in the Framework Programme as a unique opportunity to materialize our ambition. So we brought together the competent Community in Europe to build a robust project, it is I believe, what we have done with RISIS.

Is this reflection on indicators at the centre of your current research?

The answer is always the same! From the moment when one is embarked on a major project (this was the case when I led PRIME network of excellence on research and innovation policies), when one coordinates many partners, with significant resources and a program which includes, roughly speaking, a hundred different actions, by definition, it becomes the core element of one’s professional career. RISIS will be the last “large” project of my career!

What is the project schedule?

The project is expected to last for four years, starting from January 1st, 2014, but in these infrastructure projects, this is a theoretical duration. If we are convincing and demonstrate our usefulness, it will probably be extended for an additional four years, but as far as I am concerned, I will hand over at the end of 2017. If we do not sufficiently demonstrate it, the project will probably last five years.

Do you have recommendations or remarks to give to researchers wishing to respond to upcoming European calls for projects?

One should only submit projects for research he or she is willing to do, not for tapping opportunities that arise.


The RISIS project gathers the following research structures, universities and scientific institutions:

Coordinator: Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (France)

Other beneficiaries: AIT (Austrian Institute of Technology), the Italian CNR and the Spanish CSIC, NIFU in Norway, IFQ in Germany, the Nieman institute of Technion (Israel) and the universities of Amsterdam (free university), Leiden, Manchester, Milano (Politecnico), Lugano (USI) and Sussex (SPRU).

Philippe Larédo in focus

Philippe Lare?doDirector of research at Ecole des Ponts (Laboratory Technology, Territories and Societies, LATTS) and Professor at the University of Manchester (Manchester Business School, Institute of innovation research), Philippe Larédo is a graduate of HEC and Doctor in economics from EHESS. His research interests are in breakthrough innovation and the construction of markets, research and innovation policies and evolving organisational features of public sector research. Philippe Larédo has coordinated PRIME European network of excellence (Policies for Research and Innovation in the Move towards the ERA) from 2004 to 2009.

Présentation du projet d’Infrastructure européenne RISIS, coordonné par Philippe Larédo

La Commission Européenne a récemment retenu le projet RISIS, Research infrastructure for research and innovation policy studies, porté par un collectif de chercheurs issus de 13 institutions partenaires à travers 10 pays européens et piloté par l’Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée. Plusieurs membres de l’IFRIS, LATTS et INRA-SenS, constituent l’équipe française. Son coordonnateur, Philippe Larédo, nous en dit un peu plus.

Vous avez obtenu récemment un financement de la commission européenne dans le cadre du 7ème programme cadre pour mener des travaux dans le domaine des politiques de recherche et d’innovation. Pouvez-vous nous expliquer en quoi va consister votre projet ?

D’abord, ce projet n’est pas un projet de recherche au sens traditionnel du terme. C’est un projet d’infrastructures, c’est-à-dire un projet dont l’ambition est de mettre en commun un ensemble de bases de données originales qui ont été construites dans les années 2000, à partir de nouvelles questions qui se posaient sur les politiques de recherche et d’innovation.
Ces bases de données ont deux caractéristiques : la première, c’est qu’elles sont conçues à partir de données publiques, et non pas à partir de données statistiques, ce qui permet, au moment de leur conception, de conserver l’identité des acteurs et de suivre leurs stratégies au fil du temps.
Le deuxième aspect de ces bases de données, c’est qu’elles permettent de répondre à des questions actuelles. Prenons quelques exemples : mieux comprendre les dynamiques d’innovation des entreprises moyennes en forte croissance. Cet espace est absolument inconnu de la recherche actuelle, qui ne connaît que les start-up d’un côté, ou les grandes firmes de l’autre. Autre exemple d’un tout autre ressort : mieux comprendre ce que sont les phénomènes d’intégration européenne, en dehors des seuls programmes de financement européens. Cet espace est en très forte croissance et l’on sait aujourd’hui que les agences de financement nationales se sont mises elles-mêmes à construire des programmes partagés.

Quels sont plus précisément les enjeux du projet RISIS ?

Ce projet a l’ambition d’une part de rassembler, de consolider, d’harmoniser et de rendre accessible aux chercheurs, 14 bases de données au total, toutes différentes et couvrant 5 thèmes de recherche : les dynamiques de l’innovation (globalisation de la R&D industrielle, start-up mais aussi firmes moyennes à forte croissance), la transformation des universités, les processus d’européanisation (des chercheurs, des acteurs, comme des financements de la recherche), les dynamiques des sciences et technologies émergentes et l’évaluation des politiques de recherche. D’autre part, le projet va permettre aux chercheurs d’accéder aux nouveaux outils de traitement quantitatif, notamment aux outils sémantiques, à l’aide de deux plateformes, dont la plateforme CorTexT de l’IFRIS (

Pourquoi avoir choisi de proposer un projet sur ces thématiques de recherche ?

C’est plus compliqué que cela. Au plan européen, dans ce type de projets d’infrastructures qui visent l’intégration de ‘facilités’ dispersées, il y a deux niveaux successifs de décision. Au premier niveau, il y a la Commission Européenne, avec ses comités qui choisissent les domaines dans lesquels il serait intéressant d’intégrer les infrastructures nationales ou distribuées existantes. En 2011, l’Europe a fait le choix d’inscrire notre domaine de recherche sur son programme thématique, ce qui a été une surprise pour beaucoup d’entre nous. Nous avions déjà construit une association européenne des concepteurs d’indicateurs (ENID), parce que nous étions convaincus qu’il y avait un renouveau et qu’il fallait structurer cet ensemble. Une fois inscrit dans le programme cadre, nous nous sommes dit que c’était une occasion unique de pouvoir matérialiser notre ambition : pour le faire, et c’est le deuxième niveau de décision, il nous fallait rassembler la communauté compétente en Europe pour bâtir un projet robuste, c’est je crois, ce que nous avons fait, avec RISIS.

Est-ce que cette réflexion sur les indicateurs est au centre de vos travaux actuels ?

La réponse est toujours la même ! A partir du moment où l’on se lance dans un grand projet (ce fut le cas lorsque j’ai fait le réseau d’excellence PRIME sur les politiques de recherche et d’innovation), que l’on coordonne beaucoup d’acteurs, que l’on a beaucoup de moyens et un programme qui comporte, grosso modo, une centaine d’actions différentes, par définition, ça devient le cœur de l’activité professionnelle. RISIS sera mon dernier grand projet professionnel !

Quel est le calendrier du projet ?

Le projet est supposé durer quatre ans, en commençant au 1er janvier 2014, mais dans ces projets d’infrastructure, c’est une durée théorique. Si nous sommes convaincants, si nous démontrons notre utilité, on aura probablement quatre années supplémentaires, mais en ce qui me concerne, je passerai la main. Si nous ne la démontrons pas suffisamment, le projet durera probablement cinq ans.

Avez-vous des recommandations ou des remarques à donner aux chercheurs souhaitant répondre aux prochains appel à projets européens ?

On ne répond que sur les choses que l’on a envie de faire, et non pas sur les opportunités qui se présentent.


Le projet RISIS rassemble les structures de recherche, universités et institutions scientifiques suivantes :

Pilotage : Université Paris-Est Marne-la-Vallée (France)

Autres bénéficiaires : l’AIT (Austrian Institute of Technology), le CNR italien et le CSIC espagnol, NIFU en Norvège, IFQ en Allemagne, l’institut Nieman du Technion (Israel) et les université d’Amsterdam (Université libre), de Leiden, de Manchester, de Milan (Politecnico), de la Suisse Italienne (USI) et du Sussex (SPRU).

Philippe Larédo en bref

Philippe Lare?doDirecteur de recherches à l’ENPC, au Laboratoire Territoires, techniques et sociétés (LATTS) et professeur à l’Université de Manchester (Manchester Business School, Institute of innovation research), Philippe Larédo est diplômé de HEC, docteur en économie de l’EHESS et directeur de recherche en gestion.
Ses recherches portent principalement sur les innovations de rupture, la dynamique des collectifs de recherche, les nouvelles relations entre organisation et localisation des activités de recherche et les politiques publiques (régionales, nationales et européennes) de recherche et d’innovation.
Philippe Larédo a coordonné le réseau d’excellence européen PRIME (Policies for Research and Innovation in the Move towards the ERA) de 2004 à 2009.

IFRIS, partner of the European project Res-AGorA on responsible innovation and research

Some researchers from the French National Institute for Agricultural Research (INRA-SenS), the Laboratory Technology, Territories and Societies (LATTS) and the Centre Alexandre Koyré (CAK) – members of the Institute For Research and Innovation in Society (IFRIS) and the LabEx SITES – are part of a European project to create a governance framework for Responsible Research and Innovation (RRI), that secures the commitment within research and innovation towards solving major social and environmental challenges that our societies face.

Science, research and innovation are integral elements of modern societies, and society increasingly expects them to address the key challenges of the future – such as health and wellbeing, sustainability, or climate change. At the level of the European Union, the growing need to gear research and innovation towards societal needs is reflected by the EU 2020 strategy or Horizon 2020. While science and technology potentially provide solutions, it is well acknowledged that they are usually accompanied by uncertainties, unanticipated consequences and controversy. Hence, Responsible Research and Innovation – RRI – has been introduced as an approach which aims at improving the alignment between research and innovation on the one hand and societal demands and moral values on the other.

It is this context within which the European Commission is funding the Res-AGorA project (Responsible Research and Innovation in a Distributed Anticipatory Governance Frame. A Constructive Socio-normative Approach) to develop a comprehensive governance framework for RRI. The goal of the Res-AGorA project will be achieved through extensive research about existing RRI governance across different scientific technological areas, continuous monitoring of RRI trends and developments in selected countries, and constructive negotiations and deliberation between key stakeholders. This comprehensive empirical work will be the building blocks of the creation of a governance framework for RRI.

Res-AGorA consists of eight European partners from universities, research institutes and offices for science and technology. The project is coordinated by the Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research ISI, one of the leading innovation research institutes in Europe. The project is funded by the EU within FP 7 Science In Society and runs over a three-year period, beginning February 2013.

For more information, see Res-AGorA website.

New publication – “Science in Society: caring for our futures in turbulent times”

Pierre-Benoît Joly, Director of IFRIS, has contributed to the Science Policy Briefing N°50 of June 2013, on the topic « Science in Society: caring for our futures in turbulent times ».

Issues of ‘science in society’ are not in themselves new, but this new report from the European Science Foundation, called “Science in Society: Caring for our Futures in Turbulent Times”, is written at a critical time for science policy. Recent times have seen the world having to learn to deal with austerity, libel and new models of business. This all happens at a time when innovation is being promoted more vigorously than ever as a way out of crisis and as a foundation for future prosperity. As the report argues, increased governance of science and technology and the sense of continued austerity raise significant implications for science-society relations.

The report calls for a more careful approach to the meaning of the notions ‘science’ and ‘society’ as articulated in many programmes, activities and policy discourses because neither ‘science’ nor ‘society’ are homogenous entities. The report also advocates a shift of our attention in approaches to science-society issues to move from from a logic of clear-cut choices – that suggest the idea of a linear problem-solving – to a logic of care, which admits an adaptive process of dealing with these issues in the face of diversity and rapid change already present well before ‘the crisis’ label. Key recommendations touch upon five broad areas:

  1. Linking excellence to relevance and responsibility
  2. ‘Science-society activities’
  3. Plurality matters
  4. Expanding and creating new spaces for science-society interactions
  5. Making time-space for reflexive work


p. 2 • Foreword

p. 3 • Executive Summary

p. 6 • Introduction – Unfolding the Issues
p. 6 •   Science-society relations: a concern under changing boundary conditions
p. 8 •   Broadening the meaning of science-society relations

p. 9 • The Context of this Report
p .9 •  Important lessons learned
p. 11 •   Shifting policy discourse on science-society issues
p. 13 •  Connected policy reports

p. 13 •  Science-Society Relations under Changing Boundary Conditions: tendencies and tensions
p. 15 •   Re-ordering science-society relations
p. 19 •   Changing conditions for research and innovation
p. 21 •  Explicit science-society activities

p. 24 • Recommendations

p. 31 • Annexes

Download the report SPB 50 – Science in Society: caring for our futures in turbulent times

For more information, see ESF website, P24.

The European Science Foundation (ESF) gathers 72 organisations from 30 european countries. It aims at promoting european science  Son but est de promouvoir la science européenne through partnerships between leading researchers, as well as through the coordination of policies and funding. Seven French agencies are involved in the ESF: ANR, CNRS, CEA, Ifremer, INSERM, INRA, IRD.

Conference series by Peter Weingart

Peter Weingart, Professor Emeritus in Sociology of Science at the University of Bielefeld (Germany), was hosted for one month late 2013 by IFRIS and the LATTS, in the context of an invitation campaign financed by the Université Paris-Est. During his stay in Paris, Peter Weingart gave three lectures on the following topics:

Inaugural conference: “The future of the scientific communication system”

See the presentation.

Mutual interactions and influences between digitalization of information processing, the economically driven concentration of the scientific publishing industry, and the introduction of an evaluation system monitoring the achievements of scientists and their institutions, based on mostly bibliometric data. It can be shown that these developments partly reinforce each other to the detriment of the free flow of scientific information. Solutions such as the drive for ‘open access’ are pushed by certain disciplines and are resisted by others. The problem of quality assurance (peer review) remains unsolved.

Second conference: “Scientific advice to policymaking”

See the paper.

This seminar discussed the intricacies of scientists giving advice to policymakers in the executive and legislature. It has presented different abstract models of such advisory functions and confronted them with concrete arrangements and their specific problems.

Third conference: “Science, the public and the media: communication on/of science in democratic societies”

See the text and the presentation.

In our societies the dependency on scientific knowledge has grown steadily so that the communication of such knowledge to the broader public is important for two reasons. Much of this knowledge affects individuals’ lives directly or indirectly and thus requires their understanding and critical engagement, and, second, it involves their attitudes as source of political legitimacy. The media have the function to communicate the developments in science (and technology) and to form public opinion about them. However, they have become primarily economic enterprises oriented to profit-making. Likewise, science has come under the pressures of competition for public attention. The result is a deterioration of the quality of communication.

Conference series by Peter Weingart

Conference series by David Vogel

IFRIS and the laboratory Technology, Territories and Societies (LATTS), with the support of the research unit INRA SenS, are pleased and honoured to welcome David Vogel, Soloman P. Lee Distinguished Professor in Business Ethics at the University of California, Berkeley. During his stay in Paris, David Vogel will give three lectures, open to all audiences and  with free access.

Inaugural conference: “The Politics of Precaution: Comparing Health, Safety, and Environmental Risk Regulation in Europe and the United States”
Thursday 17 October 2013, 5.00-7.00 PM, ENPC, Champs-sur-Marne (Vicat, room V002) [Lecture in English]

What are the factors that shape the public perceptions of risks, and what role do these perceptions play in the making of regulatory policies? What is the influence of scientific knowledge over risk assessment and public policies? Why and how do risk management policies differ across developed countries, and what diffusion effects can we identify? How can transatlantic cooperation be improved on these issues?

Second conference: “Sustainability: The Roles of Business and Government”
Monday 21 October 2013, 2.30-4.30 PM, ENPC, Champs-sur-Marne (Vicat, room V002) [Lecture in English]

The business benefits of sustainable management have turned out to be much more substantial than had been initially expected and thus many firms have made enormous strides in reducing their environmental impact and in creating greener products and more efficient production technologies. In a sense sustainability has «saved» corporate social responsibility by giving it a stronger and cleared business focus. However, many global environmental problems are beyond the capacity of firms or the market to effectively address and require much stronger and more effective government regulations. Yet while much regulatory progress has been made by many governments, there remains a lack of willingness, ability and/or capacity to impose adequate global regulations.

Third conference: “Global Corporate Social Responsibility: Accomplishments and Challenges”
Tuesday 29 October 2013, 4.30-6.30 PM, ENPC, Champs-sur-Marne (Vicat, room V002) [Lecture in English]

How can we analyse the social and environmental impacts of policies and activities of multinational firms, which are both constrained to become more socially responsible and in search of opportunities to integrate sustainable development and management objectives?

Programme – Conference series by David Vogel

L’IFRIS, partenaire du projet européen Res-AGorA sur l’innovation et la recherche responsables

Des chercheurs de l’Institut National de recherche agronomique (INRA-SenS), du  Laboratoire Techniques, Territoires et Sociétés (LATTS) et du Centre Alexandre Koyré (CAK) – membres de l’Institut Francilien Recherche, Innovation, Société (IFRIS) et du LabEx SITES – font partie d’un projet européen pour comprendre la gouvernance de la recherche et de l’innovation (RRI).

Ce projet, d’une durée de trois ans, s’intitule “RESponsible Research and Innovation in a Distributed Anticipatory GoVernance Frame. A Constructive Socio-normative Approach” (Res-AGorA).Le consortium Res-AGorA est composé de l’Institut Fraunhofer pour les systèmes et la recherche sur l’Innovation (Allemagne), l’Université de Twente (Pays-Bas), l’Université d’Aarhus (Danemark), le Danish Board of Technology (Danemark), l’Université de Manchester (Grande-Bretagne), l’Université de Padoue (Italie), l’IFRIS (France) et l’Institute for Advanced Studies (Autriche).

Les chercheurs de l’IFRIS, ainsi que de leurs partenaires européens, étudieront les arrangements de gouvernance existants et élaboreront un cadre de gouvernance réflexif et adaptable au RRI. Le projet se positionne clairement comme une référence aux activités nationales, européennes et internationales pertinentes. Cela inclut en premier lieu une référence claire à l’accent renouvelé sur l’innovation tel que poursuivi dans la stratégie de l’Horizon 2020. Le cadre de gouvernance du RRI, par exemple, ne devrait pas imposer des modèles de coût élevé supérieurs aux autres politiques, mais devrait porter sur des activités, comme celles qui visent à améliorer le ‘triangle de la connaissance’ en développant des liens étroits entre la recherche, l’éducation et l’innovation dans l’espace européen de la recherche.

Pour plus d’informations, voir le site du projet Res-AGorA.

Interview with Johan Söderberg

Your article focuses on electronic machines capable of producing objects. What is it ?

The key principle of 3D printers is to guide the movement of a machinery tool with software. 3D printers work like regular printers, but in three dimensions: layer by layer, a nozzle moves on three axes and extrudes a material, most often a synthetic resin, shaping an object specified in a digital file, until the desired volume of resin has been deposed. From doorknobs to parts for bikes, the kind of objects that can be produced are multiplying.

What are the actors of these innovations? What is their vision of society?

Initially, a 3D printer for home use was developed by a community of hobbyists, and the project went by the name « rep-rap ». Since 2009, a rapidly expanding consumer market in 3D printers have attracted a number of companies, resulting in an increased number of conflicts within the community. For the hobbyists, or at least for the more idealistic among them, the goal with Rep-rap was to disrupt the market in consumer goods by allowing everyone to manufacture their own objects at home, rather than having to buy the products in a store.

You talk about illusory emancipation. Can you tell us a bit more?

In fact, the title was decided by the editor. But it is true that we must be aware of the hyperbole surrounding this technology nowadays. What interests me the most, however, is not to debunk the myths, but trying to understand why the notion that emancipation can be achieved through technology is plausible to so many people. As is often the case, the hobbyists who pioneered the technology have high hopes, eccentric but sincere, about the political consequences that will follow from the spread of 3D printers. Subsequently, both their technology and the hopes they invested in this technology have been appropriated by start-up firms and venture capitalists. However, the kind of social change that a technology might contribute to will be radically different depending on whether the machine has been designed by a network of hobbyists or by a company. The emancipatory hopes invested in 3D printing now seems like a distant dream because the idealists and their technology have quickly been marginalized by firms and commercial alternatives.


Johan Söderberg was post-doc at IFRIS and LATTS research unit. His research focuses on a comparison between two cases of regulation of ‘irresponsible’ innovation: open source and legal highs. In March 2011, Johan has defended his thesis in the Department of sociology of Gothenburg, Sweden, on the topic of « Free Software to Open Hardware – Critical Theory on the Frontiers of Hacking »

« Imprimantes 3D, dernière solution magique. Illusoire émancipation par la technologie », Le Monde diplomatique, January 2013, n° 706, p. 3

Entretien avec Johan Söderberg

Votre article porte sur des machines électroniques capables de produire des objets. De quoi s’agit-il ?

Le principe clé des imprimantes 3D est de guider les mouvements d’un outil mécanique à l’aide d’un logiciel. Elles fonctionnent comme des imprimantes régulières, mais en trois dimensions : passage après passage, une buse se déplace sur trois axes et superpose des couches de matière, le plus souvent une résine synthétique, en suivant un modèle numérisé, jusqu’à obtention du volume désiré. De la poignée de porte au vélo, les objets ainsi produits se multiplient.

Quels sont les acteurs de ces innovations ? Quel est leur projet de société ?

Les premiers acteurs à s’intéresser à cette technologie, et plus particulièrement à l’imprimante 3D RepRap, appartiennent à une communauté d’amateurs. Mais ce marché en pleine expansion suscite également l’intérêt des entreprises depuis 2009, avec pour conséquence une multiplication des conflits au sein de la communauté. Pour les amateurs, ou tout au moins les plus idéalistes d’entre eux, le but initial était de bouleverser le marché de l’ensemble des produits de grande consommation en permettant à tout le monde de fabriquer ses propres objets, plutôt que de les acheter en magasin.

Vous parlez d’émancipation illusoire. Pouvez-vous nous en dire un peu plus ?

Pour tout vous dire, c’est l’éditeur qui a choisi ce titre ! Mais il est vrai qu’il faut garder à l’esprit l’hyperbole qui entoure cette technologie. Ce qui m’intéresse le plus, ce n’est pas de briser les mythes, mais d’essayer de comprendre pourquoi l’idée d’une émancipation par la technologie est plausible pour beaucoup de gens. Comme c’est souvent le cas, le réseau d’idéalistes à l’origine de cette technologie a émis des affirmations parfois excentriques, mais toujours sincères, sur les conséquences politiques liées à l’imprimante 3D. Par la suite, leur technologie, ainsi que les espoirs qui y étaient associés, ont été récupérés par des startups et des capitaux à risque. Bien que la technologie reste la même, le potentiel d’exploitation des imprimantes 3D peut être radicalement différent selon qu’elles soient développées par un réseau d’idéalistes ou une entreprise. L’émancipation a cela d’illusoire que les idéalistes et leur technologie seront très vite marginalisés par des machines à visée commerciale.

Johan Söderberg est post-doctorant à l’IFRIS et au Laboratoire Techniques, Territoires et Sociétés (LATTS). Ses recherches portent sur une comparaison entre deux cas de régulation d’innovation « irresponsable » : le partage de fichiers et les drogues légales. En mars 2011, Johan a soutenu sa thèse au département de sociologie de Göteborg, en Suède, sur le thème Du logiciel libre au matériel d’exploitation libre : théorie critique sur les frontières du piratage

« Imprimantes 3D, dernière solution magique. Illusoire émancipation par la technologie », Le Monde diplomatique, janvier 2013, n° 706, p. 3

EPOG Erasmus Mundus Master

Issues and challenges raised by the financial, economic and social crisis, as well as the dynamics of rapid catch-up initiated by a number of major southern countries and by environmental issues, require a consistent rethinking of the basis of economic policies and imply an increasing need for well integrated economic expertise for the management of these policies.

The main objective of the EPOG Master’s Course is to give birth to a new generation of international experts for public and private sectors, able to define and assess economic policies, and evolve within different political, social and regional contexts. It thus aims to provide not only an expertise in a specific field of economic policy (as usually done in existing Masters in economics) but also to enable students to get a global perspective on interdependencies and interactions between economic policies.

Most Master’s degrees in economics focus on very narrow fields or specific regions of the world. The added value specific to the EPOG Master’s course is its provision of the dual skill of expertise in a particular field and the ability to deal with the complex and systemic dimensions of economic policies, which to our knowledge is not provided by any other European Master’s course in economics. The EPOG Master’s will (i) provide students with in-depth skills to deal with different economic areas that generally require specialised training and (ii) include multidisciplinary contributions (law, sociology, geography and history, etc.) all of which are necessary for proficiency in economic policies in the context of current changes in the global economy.

EPOG programme is based on the specific institutional and holistic approaches of economic policies and achieved thanks to the collaboration and complementarities of eight prestigious universities, which offer excellent, recognised and well established Master’s courses:

  • Université Paris 13 – Sorbonne Paris Cité (France)
  • Università degli studi di Torino (Italy)
  • Berlin School of Economics and Law (Germany)
  • Kingston University (United Kingdom)
  • University of Witwatersrand (Wits) (South Africa)
  • University of Massachusetts – Amherst (USA)
  • Seoul National University (South Korea)
  • Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (Brazil)

For further information, see the page dedicated to the Masters of IFRIS.